Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences

Volume: 45 Issue: 2

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CIM-Suras: A menthol rich, erect growth habit, sucker producing and high yielding peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) variety

KUMAR BIRENDRA*, PRASAD P, GUPTA A, KISHOR R, KUMAR R, KUMAR N, VERMA RS, TANDON S, CHANOTIYA CS, SAMAD A, VERMA RK, KUMAR D, LAL RK, SINGH V, KUSHWAHA HK, AFTAB N, JHANG T, YADAV A, SINGH S, SINGH V, CHAUDHARY N, VENKATESHA KT, DWIVEDI A, LAKHAN R

*Seed Quality Lab, Plant Breeding & Genetic Resource Conservation Division, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants,
Lucknow, 226015, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Corresponding Author: [email protected]; [email protected]

Year: 2023, Page: 52-61, Doi: https://doi.org/10.62029/jmaps.v45i2.kumar

Received: Feb. 15, 2023 Accepted: May 8, 2023 Published: Oct. 27, 2023

Abstract

Peppermint (Mentha piperita L., Lamiaceae), is an essential oil-bearing crop cultivated in temperate and sub-tropical countries for perfumery and aroma industries. The plant is vegetatively propagated through runners derived from mother stalks of the plants, resulting in a low genetic base. Induced mutagenesis is a unique and supplemental breeding approach to overcome the limitations of a low genetic base. A few popular varieties, namely Kukrail, Tushar, Pranjal and CIM-Madhuras, have already been released for commercial cultivation. However, all of those have creeping growth habit, propagation only by runners, low oil content, low oil yield, and higher than 5% menthofuran content. Due to these drawbacks of previously released varieties, CSIR- CIMAP has used mutation breeding to develop a peppermint variety with erect growth habit, sucker-producing ability, and increased oil yield with high menthol and low menthofuran content. CIMAP/MPS-36, a half-sib seed progeny of variety Kukrail, served as the mother genotype for mutation breeding using different doses of gamma irradiation. A mutant, MPS-3633, was identified as a novel and promising mutant with a distinct quality of peppermint oil and released for its commercial cultivation in the name of variety CIM-Suras. CIM-Suras displayed novel and industrially useful characteristics, i.e. high menthol (68–78%) content with low menthofuran (0.2-0.8%) content, sucker generating, erect growth habit, flower-bearing and an increase in herb yield, oil content, and oil yield. This cultivar could be a sustainable solution to bottlenecks of already released peppermint varieties. Further, dementholisation (DMO) can be used as peppermint oil and to extract menthol from oil.

Keywords: De-mentholized oil (DMO), Essential oil, Gamma radiation, Mentha piperita L.,Menthol-rich variety CIM-Suras, Mutation breeding

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Cite this article

Kumar Birendra, Prasad P, Gupta A, Kishor R, Kumar R, Kumar N, Verma RS, Tandon S, Chanotiya CS, Samad A, Verma RK, Kumar D, Lal RK, Singh V, Kushwaha HK, Aftab N, Jhang T, Yadav A, Singh S, Singh V, Chaudhary N, Venkatesha KT, Dwivedi A, Lakhan R.2023. CIM-Suras: A menthol rich, erect growth habit, sucker producing and high yielding peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) variety. J Med Aromat Plant Sci 45: 52-61.

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